Recognizing C-PTSD as a Legitimate Diagnosis

[Note: This article originally written for The C-PTSD Foundation in November 2020] Complex PTSD ( which is sometimes interchanged with terms such as complex relational trauma, developmental trauma, and interpersonal trauma) is a relatively recent concept. With the recognition of complex PTSD (C-PTSD) by the World Health Organization (WHO), healthcare providers around the world are […]

5 Critical Things to Know About Family Scapegoating Abuse (FSA)

Because family scapegoating processes can be insidious and subtle, many adult survivors do not realize that they are suffering from a most egregious (and often chronic) form of systemically-driven psycho-emotional bullying and abuse, with all of the painful consequences to body, mind, and spirit…

16 Experiences Common to Adult Survivors of Family Scapegoating Abuse

EditBy Rebecca C. Mandeville, MFTLast updated: 1 Jun 2020~ 5 MIN READ As a licensed Psychotherapist specializing in Family Systems, I have worked with many clients who struggled with being in the family scapegoat role, yet they did not realize how this was negatively impacting nearly every area of their life. They often presented in my practice with […]

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